In January 2010, the SEC established a formal program to encourage and reward individuals who cooperate with the agency in its enforcement investigations and litigation. On March 19, the SEC’s Enforcement Director, Robert Khuzami, issued a public statement touting the importance of the initiative and its successful use in two related enforcement actions settled in 2011. Khuzami credited the cooperation of a “senior executive” with facilitating the recovery of $217 million to victims and additional penalties of $27.5 million against AXA Rosenberg and Barr M. Rosenberg related to non-disclosed errors in the firm’s quantitative investment process. Relatedly, SEC Chairman Mary Shapiro recently praised the Commission’s whistleblower program for “producing higher quality leads and shortening the length of investigations.”Simultaneously with Khuzami’s statement, the SEC also issued Litigation Release No. 22298“to provide guidance regarding the circumstances under which individuals may receive credit as part of the SEC’s Cooperation Initiative.” The release outlines four factors considered by the Enforcement Division in its determination not to subject the cooperating AXA Rosenberg executive to enforcement:
- The executive offered cooperation and voluntarily requested to be considered under the Cooperation Initiative. Further, his position in the organization and close relationship with the wrongdoers allowed him to provide detailed and credible information, which was offered to the Division without a promise of any particular outcome for himself (further enhancing his credibility).
- The enforcement action was significant, resulting in substantial returns to the victims of the wrongdoing and steep monetary and injunctive penalties against AXA Rosenberg.
- The executive was found to have advocated for informing AXA Rosenberg’s CEO of the wrongdoing, and his interest in fixing the error helped facilitate quick and successful action against the firm and its principals.
- Finally, the executive resigned from AXA and retired from the investment advisory industry all together. He was, therefore, no longer in a position to commit future violations of the securities laws.